The rototranslational absorption spectrum of gaseous methane has been measured at seven different temperatures from 296 to 140 K. We have analyzed both the spectral moments and the experimental absorption shapes, assuming that only octupolar and hexadecapolar induction mechanisms contribute to the absorption. This assumption allows us to parameterize the temperature dependence of both the intensity and the shape of the absorption band. The results obtained indicate that other contributions to absorption are not negligible.
The collision-induced absorption spectrum of a nitrogen–argon gas mixture is treated theoretically and the theory is applied to results obtained by us in the spectral region below 360 cm−1 at four temperatures, namely, 126, 149, 179, and 212 K. The measurements have involved the use of Fourier transform infrared and microwave techniques as well as a far-infrared laser system operating at 84.2 and 15.1 cm−1. The theoretical line shape is obtained from a convolution of a free rotation spectrum and a translational component. The spectra calculated from either information theory alone or combined with Mori theory both show good agreement with experimental results, especially above 30 cm−1. An important feature of the theoretical development is that no adjustable parameters need to be introduced.